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APA (7th ed.) referencing guide (Online): YouTube/online videos

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

YouTube

Below you will find guidance and examples of how to set out a reference to a YouTube video or channel in the body of your work and in the reference list at the end.

In text citations: YouTube video

Example:

Fogarty (2020) and Harvard University (2019) state that...
OR

...(Fogarty, 2020; Harvard University, 2019).

In text citations: YouTube channel

Example:

APA Publishing Training (n.d.) and Walker (n.d.) claim that...
OR

...(APA Publishing Training, n.d.; Walker, n.d.).

Reference list: YouTube video

Name of Account. [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title [Video]. YouTube. URL 

Example:

Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2020, March 10). ‘Pandemic’ vs. ‘epidemic’—What's the difference? [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsbgF3OhlJw 

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guRoWTYfxMs 

Note:

Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author. 

If both an author’s username and real name are known, such as for some individual and group social media authors, provide the real name of the individual or group, followed by the username in square brackets. 

Reference list: YouTube channel

Person or Group who uploaded video. (n.d.). Title. [YouTube channel]. YouTube. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL 

Example:

APA Publishing Training. (n.d.). Home [YouTube channel]. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/user/PsycINFO/ 

Walker, A. (n.d.). Playlists [YouTube channel]. YouTube. Retrieved October 8, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/user/DjWalkzz/playlists 

Note:

YouTube channel pages begin on the “Home” tab by default. If you want to cite one of the other tabs (e.g., “Videos,” “Playlists”), use the name of that tab rather than “Home” in the title element of the reference (as in the Walker example). 

Provide a retrieval date because the content is designed to change over time and is not archived.