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APA (7th ed.) referencing guide (Online): YouTube/online videos

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg


Below you will find guidance and examples of how to set out a reference to a YouTube video or channel in the body of your work and in the reference list at the end.

In text citations: YouTube video


Fogarty (2020) and Harvard University (2019) state that...

...(Fogarty, 2020; Harvard University, 2019).

In text citations: YouTube channel


APA Publishing Training (n.d.) and Walker (n.d.) claim that...

...(APA Publishing Training, n.d.; Walker, n.d.).

Reference list: YouTube video

Name of Account. [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title [Video]. YouTube. URL 


Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2020, March 10). ‘Pandemic’ vs. ‘epidemic’—What's the difference? [Video]. YouTube. 

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. 


Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author. 

If both an author’s username and real name are known, such as for some individual and group social media authors, provide the real name of the individual or group, followed by the username in square brackets. 

Reference list: YouTube channel

Person or Group who uploaded video. (n.d.). Title. [YouTube channel]. YouTube. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL 


APA Publishing Training. (n.d.). Home [YouTube channel]. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from 

Walker, A. (n.d.). Playlists [YouTube channel]. YouTube. Retrieved October 8, 2019, from 


YouTube channel pages begin on the “Home” tab by default. If you want to cite one of the other tabs (e.g., “Videos,” “Playlists”), use the name of that tab rather than “Home” in the title element of the reference (as in the Walker example). 

Provide a retrieval date because the content is designed to change over time and is not archived.