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APA (7th ed.) referencing guide (Online): Religious and classical Works

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Religious and classical works

Below you will find guidance and examples of how to set out a reference for Religious works (e.g. Bible, Qur'an, Torah, Bhagavad Gita), classical works (e.g. ancient Greek and Roman works), and classical literature (e.g. by Shakespeare) in the body of your work and in the reference list at the end.

In text citations

Example:

The Torah, (1962/2015) says that...
OR
...(The Torah, 1962/2015)
 

Example:

The King James Bible (1769/2017) insists that...
OR
...(King James Bible, 1769/2017)

Cite a chapter or verse in the text using canonical numbering rather than page numbers.

Example:

In the Song of Solomon 8:6 (The New King James Version, 1769/2017) it states that...
OR
The person vowed to “set me as a seal upon thine heart” (King James Bible, 1769/2017, Song of Solomon 8:6).

Indicate which version is used when first cited then no reference is needed unless you use another Bible version.

Example:

In Much Ado About Nothing, Don John said, "In the meantime / let me be that I am and seek not to alter me" (Shakespeare, 1623/1995, 1.3.36-37).

Reference list

Religious works published as books are referenced as books:

Example:

The Torah: The five books of Moses (3rd ed.). 2015. The Jewish Publication Society. (Original work published 1962).

Religious works published as websites follow the webpage reference format.

Example:

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/ (Original work published 1769).

Ancient and classical works:

Aristotle. (1994). Poetics (S. H. Butcher, Trans.). The Internet Classics Archive. http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/poetics.html (Original work published ca. 350 B.C.E.).

Shakespeare, W. (1995). Much ado about nothing (B. A. Mowat & P. Werstine, Eds.). Washington Square Press. (Original work published 1623).