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APA (7th ed.) referencing guide (Online): Journal articles with three or more authors

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Journals articles with three or more authors

Below you will find guidance and examples of how to set out a reference to a journal article with three or more authors in the body of your work and in the reference list at the end.

In text citations

If there are three or more authors of a work use et al. after the first author's surname.


Ashley et al. (2014) state that...
...(Ashley et al., 2014).


Burin et al. (2019) conclude that....
...(Burin et al., 2019).


According to Kalnay et al. (1996)....
...(Kalnay et al., 1996).

Reference list

Last name, Initial(s)., Last name, Initial(s)., & Last name, Initial(s). (Year). Article title. Journal title in italics, Volume number in italics(issue or part number), page numbers. DOI

Ashley, C., Kibbe, S., & Thornton, S. (2014). Experiential learning in second life: A simulation in 
retail management. Atlantic Marketing Journal, 3(2), 94-113. 

Burin, D., Kilteni, K., Rabuffetti, M., Slater, M., & Pia, L. (2019). Body ownership increases the interference between observed and executed movements. PLOS ONE, 14(1), Article e0209899.


NB: In the reference list include all authors, however if a reference has 21 or more authors, the first 19 authors are listed followed by ... followed by the final author.   


Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A.,…Joseph, D. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437-471.<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2