Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Vancouver referencing guide (Online): Reference List

Mae’r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

What will my reference list look like?

The Vancouver system lists the cited references at the end of the text and the references are listed numerically.

Citing Medicine does not specify a heading for the reference list. Most journals use the heading References (or sometimes REFERENCES).

Citing Medicine does not specify line spacing or paragraph indenting. (These are normally specified by individual journals in their instructions to authors.)

Always check to see if you are required to use a specific heading or formatting for your reference list, either in your student handbook or the instructions for a particular assignment. Consult your lecturer/supervisor if in any doubt.

Example of how it might be laid out:


  1. Benton D. Diet, behaviour and cognition in children. In: Kilcast D, Angus F, editors. Developing children's food products. Cambridge: Woodhead; 2011. p.62-81.
  2. Drake RL, Vogl W, Mitchell AW, Gray H. Gray's anatomy for students  [Internet]. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2010 [cited  2013 May 15]. Available from:
  3. Grow GO.  Teaching learners to be self-directed. Adult Educ Q.1991;41(3):125-49.