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Vancouver referencing guide (Online): Quotations

Mae’r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Quotations of less than 40 words

For quotations of less than 40 words, use double quotation marks to enclose the direct text.

For example: In-text: As Neville emphasises, “you should cite all sources and present full details of these in your list of references.”1(p37).

Quotations of more than 40 words

For quotations of more than 40 words, a separate indented paragraph is needed. For example:

Smith (7) summarises the importance of mathematics to society

and the knowledge economy, stating that:

000000 Mathematics provides a powerful universal language and intellectual toolkit for abstraction, generalization and synthesis. It is the language of science and technology. It enables us to probe the natural universe and to develop new technologies that have helped us control and master our environment, and change societal expectations and standards of living.(p11) 000000


The use of page numbers

Page number references are rarely included when citing within the text of an assignment or essay when using Vancouver style. However, for quotations or if you wish to be specific regarding the source of information, quotations or statistics, page or figure numbers may be given as below.

The incidence of the syndrome was rare.[12(fig4)]