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APA (6th ed.) referencing guide (Online): Images

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Images and Tables

Figures include graphs, images, charts, maps, screenshots, photographs, drawing etc. Tables include text and/or numbers that are arrange in columns and rows.

When you include a figure or a table you may need to refer to the item a number of times.

  • In the caption (Above a table but below a figure).
  • In text.
  • In the reference list.

In larger documents, such as a dissertation, you need to include a separate List of Figures/List of Tables.

In text citation

The first figure (graph, chart, image) you include in your assignment should be labelled as Figure 1: and written in italics followed by a colon. After the colon, in normal writing, add a sentence to describe the content of the graph.

Caption Reference for a Figure

If you are referencing a table, label it as Table 1: written in italics followed by a colon. Each should then include your in-text citation to enable the user to identify the source in the reference list/bibliography.

Caption Reference for a Table

Subsequent tables, graphs or charts should then be labelled Figure 2: or Table 2: depending on the content, then Figure 3: or Table 3: and so on, with each having a description of the content.

Using original images (Created by you)

If you are using your own images (eg: own photograph) you just need to include a caption. There is no need for an in-text citation or to include in your reference list.

Reference list

Author/Creator. (date of publication). Title [Medium ie: Photograph, Digital image]. Retrieved from URL


Swansea University. (n.d.). Swansea University library [Photograph].

           Retrieved from

In text copyright statement

For the full details on writing copyright statements in text, please visit the APA Blog and read the examples they have provided.

If you do include figures and tables please ensure you work within copyright legislation.  Further information from Swansea University can be found on our Copyright: Using Images pages.

The Use of Images

It is advisable to check your module documents to ensure that the use of Images and Tables in your work within the module is accepted. Some schools prefer you to cite the information in your document and include the reference in your reference list rather than placing an image in your work.