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Effective Research Publishing: Open Research & Open Access: Publishing

Mae’r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Open Access Publishing

Open Access (OA) provides free, immediate, online access to publicly funded scholarly research. Readers are permitted to read, download, copy and redistribute research outputs. Open Access ensures that your research reaches a wide audience.

Glossary of OA 
There are lots of options when it comes to Open Access with Gold and Green being the most common, but what do they mean?

  • Goldthe model provided by publishers in exchange for an article processing charge (APC) from the author or institution.
  • GreenSelf-archiving by putting a version of the manuscript into an institutional repository – generally an ‘Author Accepted Manuscript’ (AAM) version after peer-review, OR the use of Pre-print servers. Swansea University has a preference for using the green route and does not provide central funds to cover gold open access fees.
  • Hybrid - Hybrid journals contain a mixture of open access articles and closed access articles. This model is partially funded by subscriptions, and only provide open access for individual articles which the authors pay a publication fee for.​
  • Bronzedelayed open access, journals publish articles initially as subscription only then release them as free to read (but not to reuse, share or adapt) after an embargo period.
  • Diamond/PlatinumThe journal published open access without charging authors or readers. These are generally journals supported by academic institutions, learned societies or government grants.
  • BlackThis would be digital piracy copies. It’s not really open access but many people get away with it either by sharing articles with contacts over email or shared drives, or putting it on Research Gate and claiming ignorance if it breaks copyright law. 


If you want to browse papers, book chapters, conference papers, and e-theses produced by Swansea's research community this is the place to go! 

Further information about the Research Information System (RIS) and the repository (Cronfa).

Manuscript Types

Document type descriptions: pre-print, author accepted manuscript and version of record

Pre-Print Servers

What are they?

Pre-prints are versions of your paper before it has been submitted to peer-review. The use of pre-print servers varies significantly between disciplines, being a well known practice in areas like Physical Sciences, and unheard of in others.

Why should I bother?

Posting a pre-print on a specific pre-print server or repository means your work has the potential to reach other researchers in your discipline and citations can accumulate, earlier. It is also useful to gather early feedback on the paper from your peers, before the official peer-review process of the journal you submit to.

Will my paper be scooped?

Pre-prints can actually help protect your work from being ‘scooped’. Most servers register papers on receipt enabling you to establish provenance should another similar paper be published after yours. Many pre-print servers enable you to add a DOI allowing you to keep track of your paper and its citations.

Swansea Specifics

Swansea University researchers are not restricted from using preprint servers by the institution. Individual researchers considering submitting a paper do need to check the funder and journal to see if any restrictions apply. This can be done using SHERPA services and searching the journal you are considering submitting to. The benefits of submitting preprints in terms of citations, engagement and impact will not materialise unless the author/college publicise the paper themselves especially in disciplines which are only just starting to use pre-print servers.

Links to Pre-print Servers

 Pre-print servers include;

  • arXiV - Open access research papers in physics and related disciplines. This is a subject pre-print service
  • BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search) - Access over 120 million documents from 6000+ sources. >60% of indexed full text documents are available via open access
  • bioRxivThis is a subject pre-print service for Biology
  • CogPrints – Self-archived papers in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Linguistics, Philosophy, Biology
  • ChemRxiv - The Preprint Server for Chemistry
  • SocArXiv  - Interdisciplinary repository 

Additional repositories are listed on the Using Open Resources tab on this guide.

Research Publication Policy

Swansea University Research Publication Policy
  • All Swansea University researchers are expected to ensure that their published outputs align with the Research Publication Policy
  • In-scope peer-reviewed outputs must meet the requirements for submission to REF and funder obligations. 

Swansea University Open Access Journals

   Hamad image    Publish With Us 

We are an institutional online publisher of Open Access electronic journals and scholarly digital editions. Our catalogue of titles allow readers to access and use the content free of charge under a Creative Commons licence. We are growing this service and welcome enquiries from Swansea University researchers considering starting an academic journal.

  • We do not charge the editors of journals for publishing with us on the Open Journal Systems platform (OJS).
  • Editors wishing to transfer established journal titles to Swansea University are welcome to apply. 
  • You can find out about the Swansea University Digital Press on our website. If you think this is for you then you can fill out a journal proposal form online and the Digital Humanities team will contact you to discuss it.

Contact: for further information.

Swansea University is a member of OASPA: the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, which represents the interests of OA journal and book publishers globally in scientific, technical and scholarly disciplines.

COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) "is committed to educating and supporting editors, publishers and those involved in publication ethics with the aim of moving the culture of publishing towards one where ethical practices become a normal part of the publishing culture".

Discover how the DOAJ Open Access Journals Toolkit can provide guidance for new and established open access journals in the scholarly publishing landscape. The toolkit is also available to download as a PDF from DOI 10.5281/zenodo.8017032 

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Useful Resources