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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Courts

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg


Indicate the court in which the case was heard in brackets after the first page of the report, and before the pinpoint if there is one.

Use the following abbreviations:

  • (HL) for the House of Lords
  • (CA) for the Court of Appeal
  • (QB), (CH) and (F) for the divisions of the High Court
  • (Com Ct) for the Commercial Court within the Queen's Bench Division
  • Citations of cases decided before 1865 do not require the court
  • Cases with a neutral citation do not require the court either unless the case was heard in one of the divisions of the High Court

Below are examples of citing courts in footnotes and bibliography.


Example of case without neutral citation but with a pinpoint to specific paragraphs:

R v William Clive Roberts [1999] 1 Cr App R(S) 381 (CA) [8]-[15].

Example of case with a neutral citation and pinpointing:

Roberts v Gable [2006] EWHC 1025 (QB), [2006] EMLR 23, 26


The only differences are that case names are not italicised, pinpointing is not used and there is no full stop at the end of the reference.


R v William Clive Roberts [1999] 1 Cr App R(S) 381 (CA) 

Roberts v Gable [2006] EWHC 1025 (QB), [2006] EMLR 23