The Richard Burton Archives has a broad range of sources for the study of migration to, from and around Wales as well as elsewhere.
Photograph of Spanish immigrant workers in front of Dowlais ironworks, c1900 (Ref. SWCC/PHO/TOP/33)
The collections, in particular the University archives, contain reference to individuals moving for education. Examples from the collections include:
The digital story below uses oral histories and other items from the University collections to tell the story of international students through the years.
The St David's Priory Collection gives an insight into the Roman Catholic Church in Swansea from the 19th century onwards. St. David's Priory is the oldest Roman Catholic Church in Swansea, replacing an earlier church building that had been established c1808. Most of the parishioners came from the Greenhill area, which had a large Irish community. It became essential to build a church there, with St. Joseph's church opening in 1866. Documents within the collection can indicate the nationalities of the parishioners, and types of record which may be of interest include:
Extract from the church notices of St David's Priory, Swansea, regarding the behaviour of James Quinn 'a true Irishman and a good Catholic' (Ref. LAC/99/C/1)
Emigration to other countries is also found in the collections, both undertaken voluntarily and otherwise. Examples include:
Extract from the minute book of Cwmdonkin Shelter, 16 December 1889, recording the emigration of Emma and Elizabeth Price (ref. LAC/22/A/1)
During the Great War refugees from Belgium came to Swansea, possibly because of earlier connections to the area and the copper industry. There are different types of document within the collections that have reference to Belgian immigrants in Swansea, including:
Extract regarding Christmas gifts for Belgian child refugees from the report of the Executive Committee for Swansea of the Prince of Wales' National Relief Fund, 17 December 1914 (Ref. LAC/64/1)
South Wales welcomed some of the 4,000 Basque refugee children who, through aid organisations, arrived in Britain during the Spanish Civil War (for more information about resources relating to this conflict see our Spanish Civil War guide). There are a number of photographs and other documents that record the arrival of the children and their time in South Wales including:
Have a look at the Archves Hub and The National Archives Discovery to find more archival resources.