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Law: Referencing

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA)  is used for legal referencing purposes by the College of Law at Swansea University.

When writing an assignment or dissertation your own thoughts and ideas build on those of other writers and researchers.  It is essential that you show those sources of information by:

•Acknowledging the source within the text and in footnotes
•Where requested - Giving full details of each item consulted in a bibliography

Skills for learning, skills for life

OSCOLA assistance on the web



EndNote is a program which lets you store, manage and search for references in your own database. References from your database can be inserted into a Word document and the bibliography automatically compiled by EndNote. References from on-line databases like Web of Science can be copied into EndNote without retyping. There is also an online version of EndNote with slightly reduced functionality which is free for home use.

For full help on using Endnote, check out the Endnote Library Guide. 

OSCOLA is rarely covered well by reference management software but it can help you keep track of your research. Contact your Law subject team with any queries you have on Endnote use or Referencing


References and plagiarism

Why is Referencing important?

Here we have some examples of Oscola Referencing in an essay
You will need to reference your work like this...
•To enable the reader to follow up the references and find the book or journal article in a library.
•To enable the examiner or supervisor to check the accuracy of the information.
•To demonstrate to the examiner that you have read widely a range of opinions.
•To avoid plagiarism (using someone else’s ideas as your own.)



It is important you read the Swansea University Academic Misconduct Procedure. Failure to acknowledge another person’s work (i.e. properly citing it in a paper) will result in serious consequences. 
Plagiarism is defined as using, without acknowledgment, another person's work and submitting it for assessment as though it were one's own work; for instance, through copying or unacknowledged paraphrasing. This constitutes plagiarism whether it is intentional or unintentional.

Feel free at any time to contact your Law subject team with any queries you have on Referencing or Plagiarism