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Criminology: Referencing

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Referencing Styles

References and plagiarism

Why is Referencing important?

  • To enable the reader to follow up the references and find the book or journal article in a library.
  • To enable the examiner or supervisor to check the accuracy of the information.
  • To demonstrate to the examiner that you have read widely a range of opinions.
  • To avoid plagiarism (using someone else’s ideas as your own).


It is important you read the Swansea University Academic Misconduct Procedure. Failure to acknowledge another person’s work (i.e. properly citing it in a paper) will result in serious consequences. 
Plagiarism is defined as using, without acknowledgment, another person's work and submitting it for assessment as though it were one's own work; for instance, through copying or unacknowledged paraphrasing. This constitutes plagiarism whether it is intentional or unintentional.

Feel free at any time to contact your Law and Criminology subject team with any queries you have on Referencing or Plagiarism.

Skills for learning, skills for life


EndNote is a program which lets you store, manage and search for references in your own database. References from your database can be inserted into a Word document and the bibliography automatically compiled by EndNote. References from on-line databases like Web of Science can be copied into EndNote without retyping. There is also an online version of EndNote with slightly reduced functionality which is free for home use.

For full help on using Endnote, check out the Endnote Library Guide.