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Biosciences: Referencing

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

What do referencing styles look like?

APA (a Harvard type style)

In APA style there will be an author and date in your text like this: (Casey, 1985) and an alphabetical list of references at the end like this:

Casey, F. (1985). How to study: a practical guide. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Clare, J. (1988). Revision, study and exam techniques guide. Corby: First and Best.

Fairbairn, G., & Fairbairn, S. (2001). Reading at university: a guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Johnson, R. (1995). Improving your writing skills. Manchester: Clifton Press.

 

Vancouver (a numeric style)

In Vancouver style there will be a number in brackets in your text [1] and a list of references at the end in the order they appear in the text, like this:

1. Casey F. How to study: a practical guide. Basingstoke Macmillan; 1985.

2. Clare J. Revision, study and exam techniques guide. Corby: First and Best; 1998.

3. Fairbairn G, Fairbairn S. Reading at university: a guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press: 2001.

4. Johnson R. Improve your writing skills. Manchester: Clifton Press; 1995.

 

Harvard referencing guides

Pears & Shields: Cite them right
A useful textbook with a good chapter on Harvard referencing. Print copies and ebook available.
Harvard guide from reliable web site (UCL)
This guide from University College London has a good range of reference types.
Academic journal “instructions to authors”
The web site for academic journals will have a page for authors describing their manuscript requirements, including the format for references. If your favourite journal uses Harvard you can follow their advice.
APA 7th referencing guide
APA is an author-date style which is fully supported by the University and can be used when Harvard referencing is required.
All guides to Harvard referencing are different: don't mix & match. Use only one guide for each piece of work.
Whichever guide you use, remember that Biosciences requires the names of all authors in each reference. Do not use "et al." in reference lists.

How to use EndNote

 

               

Mendeley

Mendeley allows you to collect, manage, share and use references you find in the course of your research. It can be used with Word to add citations and produce a reference list within a document. Mendeley has a web-based element that can be used with any Internet browser; however you need to use the desktop element to use the Citation PlugIn with Word. Mendeley is freely available.  Mendeley will:

  • share references with other Mendeley users
  • store full text PDFs within yur library and allow annotation
  • create bibliographies and 'cite while you write' (separate free plug-in required - not compatable with Word 365).

To find out more see the Mendeley libguide.

Zotero

Zotero is a free open-source browser plugin.
zotero

Avoiding plagiarism

Skills for learning, skills for life

Referencing

This section contains guides to help with referencing. Referencing makes clear when you have used someone else's work and helps you to avoid plagiarism.

These are two of the university approved styles..

  • APA is a Harvard type style which uses the author name and date in your text and an alphabetical list at the end of your work.
  • Vancouver is a numeric style which gives each reference a number in your text then lists them in the order they appear at the end.