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Osteopathy: Referencing

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Online tutorials

Managing your references

There are a wide variety of tools which are freely available to help you with citing and creating reference lists, however none of them are perfect which is why it is important you know the basics of referencing and the key points to be aware of.

Here are a few tools we recommend

You may also find the cite button in Google Scholar useful for a quick reference (click on the speech mark underneath the link in Scholar)

Academic Integrity

It is important you read the Swansea University Academic Misconduct Procedure. Failure to acknowledge another person’s work (i.e. properly citing it in a paper) will result in serious consequences. 

Plagiarism is defined as using, without acknowledgment, another person's work and submitting it for assessment as though it were one's own work; for instance, through copying or unacknowledged paraphrasing. This constitutes plagiarism whether it is intentional or unintentional. For additional advice on avoiding plagiarism complete the online tutorial Academic Success: Skills for learning, skills for life available via Blackboard or Canvas.

How to alphabetise and format your reference list (30 second video)

Understanding a book reference

Here is an example of an APA style book reference

Douglas, G., Nicol, F., & Robertson, C. (Eds.). (2013). Macleod's clinical examination (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.

This book was edited by G. Douglas, F. Nicol, & C. Robertson and published in 2013. The title is Macleod's clinical examination and it is the 13th edition of this book.  The place of publication is Edinburgh and it was published by Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.

Understanding a journal article reference

Here is an example of an APA style journal article reference

Espí-López, G. V., López-Bueno, L., Vicente-Herrero, M. T., Martinez-Arnau, F. M., & Monzani, L. (2016). Efficacy of manual therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with tension-type headache. A randomized controlled clinical trial. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 22, 11-20. doi:10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.05.003

This article was written by G. V. Espí-López, L. López-Bueno, M. T. Vicente-Herrero, F. M. Martinez-Arnau, & L. Monzani and the article's title is Efficacy of manual therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with tension-type headache. A randomized controlled clinical trial.  It was published in 2016 in a journal called  International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine.  . It was published in volume 22 on pages 11 to 20. Some articles will also have a Digital Object Identifier (doi) which is like a stable URL.