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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Cases without neutral citation

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Cases without a neutral citation

Cases published before 2001 do not have a neutral citation.

Below are examples of how to reference a case without neutral citations as a footnote and in the bibliography.

If you give the full case name in the main text of your text the case name can be omitted from the footnote but must be included in the bibliography.



Name of case in italics | [year] OR (year) | volume | report abbreviation | first page | court | pinpointing (if needed).


Tustian v Johnston [1993] 3 All ER 534 (CA) Civ 536.

Evans v South Ribble Borough Council [1992] QB 757 (QB).


The only differences are that case names are not italicised, pinpointing is not used and there is no full stop at the end of the reference.


Tustian v Johnston [1993] 3 All ER 534 (CA) Civ

Evans v South Ribble Borough Council [1992] QB 757 (QB)