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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Unreported Cases

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Unreported Cases

Unreported judgments are decisions of the courts that have not been published. An unreported case may be cited as an authority but it is better to use a case that has been reported in one of the authoritative law report series.

It is not necessary to add the word 'unreported' to the reference.

Below are examples of how to reference an unreported case as a footnote and in the bibliography:


Unreported cases with neutral citation:


Name of case in italics │ [year] │ court │ case number, │ [year of publication] │ OR (year of judgement) │ volume │report abbreviation │ first page.


Calvert v Gardiner [2002] EWHC 1894 (QB).

Unreported cases prior to 2001 without a neutral citation:


Name of case in italics | (court, | date of judgement).


Stubbs v Sayer (CA, 8 November 1990).


The only differences are that case names are not italicised, pinpointing is not used and there is no full stop at the end of the reference.


Calvert v Gardiner [2002] EWHC 1894 (QB)

Stubbs v Sayer (CA, 8 November 1990)