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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Secondary Referencing

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Secondary referencing

Secondary referencing means referring to the work of an author that you have not read in the original but have learned about from another source. Secondary referencing is not recommended.

  • You should always try to read the original document whenever possible to evaluate for yourself whether it is relevant or not.
  • If this is not possible, you must make it clear that you have not read the original source by using the word "citing" in your citation.
  • Cite the source you have read followed by the original source.
  • In your bibliography only list the source which you have read.


1 Brian Yeats and Jack Duggan, Water Law (Poole Press, Exeter 2009) 245 citing Atkinson v Moore [2012] IPR 260.