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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Judges' Names

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Judge's names

When referring to a judge in a case use the judge's surname followed by the abbreviation for their judicial office.


  • Lord Smith SCJ for 'Supreme court Justice Lord Smith', a Supreme Court judge.
  • Lord Smith or Lady Smith for a House of Lords judge. If the judge's rank as a peer is higher, use the title instead.
  • Smith LJ for 'Lord Justice Smith' or Lady Justice Smith, a Court of Appeal judge. If the judge is a peer then call them Lord Smith or Lady Smith
  • Smith J for Mr Justice Smith or Mrs Justice Smith, a High Court judge

First names are not used unless there are two judges with the same surname, in which case both the first and surname of the most junior judge of the two is given.

Below are examples of judges' names used in the text and in footnotes.

Judges' names used in the text

Lord Woolf rejected this argument because ...

This is evident from the decision in Horncastle, in which Lord Phillips P said ...

Rimer and Pill LJJ were of the opinion that ...

As Tugendhat J pointed out in Ajinomoto Sweeteners

Judges' names used in footnotes

Crown River Cruises Ltd v Kimbolton Fireworks Ltd [1996] 2 Lloyd's Rep 533 (QB) 547 (Potter J)

Graham and Graham v ReChem International Ltd [1996] Env LR 158 (QB) 162 (Forbes J)

Arscott v The Coal Authority [2004] EWCA Civ 892, [2005] Env LR 6 [27] (Laws LJ)