The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is an international court established in 1959 by the European Convention on Human Rights. It rules on allegations of human right abuses brought by individuals or organisations from any of the 47 member countries. Remember that this is NOT a European Union institution.
When citing judgments from the ECtHR use either the official reports called the Reports of Judgments and Decisions (cited as ECHR) or the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR) but be consistent.
Before 1996 the ECHR were known as Series A and numbered consecutively.
The EHRR series is also numbered consecutively but from 2001 the case number has been used instead of page numbers.
References to unreported judgments should give the applications number and then the court and the date of the judgment in brackets.
Examples of citations illustrating all of the points above:
Johnson v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122.
Osman v UK ECHR 1998-/VIII 3124.
Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10, para 3.
Example of an unreported case:
Animal Defenders International v United Kingdom App no 48876/08 (ECtHR, 22 April 2013).
Johnson v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122
Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10
Animal Defenders International v United Kingdom App no 48876/08 (ECtHR, 22 April 2013)