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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): ECJ & GC cases

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) and The General Court (GC)

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) consists of two separate courts. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is the supreme court of the European Union for EU law and hears cases from national courts and appeal cases, and The General Court (GC) mainly hears cases from individuals and companies. 

Since 1989 EU cases heard at the ECJ are prefixed with C - and those heard at the GC have T - as a prefix. 

Where possible refer to the official reports which are cited as ECR. ECJ cases are reported in volume 1 (ECR l -) and GC cases are reported in vol 2 (ECR II -). Cases heard before 1989 have no prefix.

If there is no ECR reference, use the Common Market Law Reports (CMLR).

But if the case has been reported in the Law Reports, The Weekly Law Reports and/or the All England Law Reports (European Cases), use that instead of the CMLR.


Format for a case from ECR:

Case number case name in italics | [year] | ECR | volume- first page


Case 240/83 Procureur de la Republique v ADBHU [1985] ECR 531.

Case T - 344/99 Arne Mathisen AS v Council [2002] ECR II-2905.

Case C - 176/03 Commission v Council [2005] ECR I-7879, paras 47- 48.

Format for an unreported ECJ case:

Case number | [year] | OJ series | issue/first page 


Case C-527/15 Stichting Brein v Jack Frederik Wullems [2017] OJ C195/02.



Format for a case from the ECR:

Case name | (Case number) | [year] | ECR | volume-  | first page


Procureur de la Republique v ADBHU (Case 240/83) [1985] ECR 531

Arne Mathisen AS v Council (Case T-344/99) [2002] ECR II-2905

Commission v Council (Case C-176/03) [2005] ECR I-7879

Case C-527/15 Stichting Brein v Jack Frederik Wullems [2017] OJ