Using images and audiovisual material can be challenging due to the multi-layered rights involved. There are a wide range of images and artistic works created by individuals or generated by computers that encompass a host of commercial models. As with text-based material, these are all covered by copyright whether they are from print or electronic sources. The types of images may include graphs, charts, diagrams, fine art, illustrations, cartoons, photographs etc.
To support students and teachers in the legal and ethical use of images, we suggest that you focus on the types of image you are easily permitted to re-use. Creative Commons licensed images, copyright free (public domain) and educational content collections are often appropriate sources to draw upon. Always check the terms and conditions of re-use.
Does the 'fair dealing' exception apply to images?
This is a grey area as you would probably wish to use the whole image and not a partial image. You could claim 'fair dealing' if you decided that you could rely on an educational exception. This would need to be for non-commercial research purposes, for private study, quotation, criticism or review, parody, caricature, pastiche or illustration for instruction. Unless you are confident that you can use an exception, you should obtain permission to use an image, particularly if it will be openly available, e.g. on the Web.
If you wanted to use a third-party image within a new published work you should always seek permission from the copyright holder and keep a copy of your correspondence. Fair dealing would not be applicable to using a high resolution photograph in these circumstances.
Creative Commons (CCL) are pre-prepared licences that are intended to help copyright holders distribute their work; they define how it can be used by others without the need to grant permission each time someone wants to use it.
Creative Commons, has a number of model licences which authors can apply ‘as given’ or adapted to their requirements. The licences contain four main elements:
These elements then combine to form six licences plus a final CC Zero or public domain licence which purports to waive all rights to the material it is applied to.
Click on a tab to select an image resource
You will see:
"MedPix® images and case materials were contributed by many individuals. They are organized, reviewed, approved, and curated free of charge for your personal use and for local teaching at your institution - including distribution of handouts and syllabi. For anything other than personal use, you should respect the original contributor and contact them for additional permission requests."
Images are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
Participating institutions link to their Rights Statement from this page: https://www.flickr.com/commons/institutions/
Licensee may use the Work in non-commercial and commercial projects, services or products without attribution.