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OSCOLA referencing guide (Online): Official reports

Mae'r dudalen hon hefyd ar gael yn Gymraeg

Official reports

Official Reports are usually published by a government department or an organisation, although sometimes an individual author is named.  If the publication has an ISBN (International Standard Book Number) cite it like a book. The ISBN can usually be found on the title page.

Author, Title (edition, Publisher | year) page number.

Example of a report with an ISBN:

Department of Health, Our Healthier Nation: A Contract for Health Cm 3852 (The Stationery Office 1998).


If there is no ISBN, cite it using the format below:

Author, │’title’ │(additional information, │publisher│ year)

Example of a report without an ISBN:

Sundeep Aulakh and others, 'Mapping Advantages and Disadvantages: Diversity in the Legal Profession in England and Wales' (SRA 2017).

University of Oxford, 'Report of Commission of Inquiry'  (OUP 1966) vol 1, ch 3


In a footnote, the authors' first name goes first (as in the example above) followed by the last name, and there is a full stop at the end of the footnote. There may also be a pinpoint.

In a bibliography the authors' last name goes first followed by the initials. There is no full stop at the end and no pinpointing.

To cite an official report which is only available online use the following format:

Author, │’title’ │(Month Year) │<URL> │date last assessed


The UK Insolvency Service, ‘Implementation of UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency in Great Britain: Summary of Responses and Government Reply' (March 2006). < >accessed 17 Feb 2012.

There is no difference between the footnote reference and the bibliography except that the footnote has a full stop at the end of the citation.