Skip to main content

MHRA referencing guide (Full): Private Communications

Am y fersiwn Gymraeg gweler Cyfeirnodi Yn Ôl Dull MHRA (Canllaw llawn)

Private Communications

  Footnotes Bibliography

(first mention)

Margaret Atwood, email to Mary Smith, 20 December 2017.


Please note that the copyright of all forms of private

correspondence belongs to the sender and permission

is needed (even for the recipient) to quote from it.

(subsequent mentions)


Atwood, Margaret, email to Mary Smith, 20 December 2017

  • Medium of communication (letter, email, telephone/conversation) followed by a comma.
  • Date of communication in a dd Month yyyy format.


If the above didn't quite answer your question, please submit it below.