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MHRA referencing guide (Full): Elements of the Reference

Am y fersiwn Gymraeg gweler Cyfeirnodi Yn Ôl Dull MHRA (Canllaw llawn)

Reference elements

A typical MHRA reference consists of the following elements:

Please bear in mind, though...

The format of an MHRA referencchanges under different conditions:

The reference above, for example, will change if it:

is cited a second or subsequent times:

Storey, p.39.

is consulted online:

William K. Storey, Writing History: A Guide for Students, 2nd edn (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 34. Dawsonera ebook.

appears in the bibliography:

Storey, William K., Writing History: A Guide for Students, 2nd edn (Oxford: 

Oxford University Press, 2004)

The tabs above provide further detail.

In addition...

Different Types of Publication follow slightly different formatting rules.

This guide lists referencing examples of the most common Types of Publication (please use the tabs above or the Contents box on the left)

For help with material not included in the guide, or for any further queries regarding this guide, please contact The Arts and Humanities Librarians at